1) Qu. What is the Church?

Answ. By Church, I meant the Holy Catholic church, which is the whole company of them which are from everlasting predestined to Eternal Life, and which in time, are called by the word, and sanctified by the blood and Spirit of Jesus, and this is but one; part whereof is Triumphant in Heaven, and part Militant on Earth [Eph. 5:25., &c., 1 Cor. 12:12-13.]

Expli. As in our usual Creed we are taught to believe the Holy Catholic Church to be the Company of the Saints, which have Communion or Fellowship in the grace of Remission of sins, and the Resurrection to eternal life; So it is manifest, that such only are the Catholic Church, and that such graces are proper and peculiar unto them; As the Scriptures do every where restrain these benefits of Believers only, and to the Church; To Believers, Joh. 3:16, and 5:24, and 6:40, 47; Act. 10:43; Joh. 12:46; Rom. 3:22; Gal. 3:22. To the Church, Mat. 1:21; Joh. 10:15, and 15:13, and 17:9, 19. Now whereas in diverse places, the Scripture speaks with a general note, “That Christ died for all,” and “that God so loved the world,” and such like; Such places must be understood, some of the sufficiency of Christ’s death for all, not of the Efficacy, which is only to believers; Some a precept universal, whereby all are commanded to believe; Some of the public Ministry of the Word, whereby grace is offered to all; some collectively, to signify the benefit of Redemption extends itself to Gentiles as well as to Jews; or distributively, signifying that some of all nations, Conditions, Ages, Sexes, have that benefit; not that all singulars, are made partakers thereof. So then, not the world, that is, not ever many and woman in the world, have interest in the blessing of Christ, but only the elect of God [Rom. 11:7.].  Elnathan Parr, The Grounds of Divinity, 6th edition (Printed by Edward Griffin, and William Hunt, 1651), 49-50.  [Some spelling modernized; some reformatting; marginal references cited; and underlining mine.]

2) Verse 32:-That he might have mercy on all,

…1. The (all) is to be understood of the kinds of singulars, not of the singulars of every kind.

Aug. 1. Cont.
Jul. Cap. 12

2. That God wills all should be saved, viz., that shall be saved as we say, ‘All go into this house by the door;’ not that all the world go that way, or into the house; but all that go into the house, go that way.

3. All. That is, all the Elect.

Aug. resp.
ad are fahd
sibs impos

4. All. That is, in regard of the sufficiency, not efficiency of the sufferings of Christ, which are of infinite price to save all; but only such are saved by them, for whom it was appointed in regard to the greatness of the price, not in regard of the propriety of redemption, says Saint Augustine.

5. Or God will that All shall be saved, by his revealed will, in regard of the offering and giving the means, and inviting and commanding all to believe, but not in regard to his secret will.

Aug. tract.
56. in Joh

6. He takes away the sins of the world: that is, of the reconciled world, not of the damned, as Saint Augustine distinguished; or the Jews and Gentiles, into which the world is usually distributed.

7. He is the propitiation, not for our sins only, but for the sins of the whole world; that is, not of the sins of the Apostles only, or of such as lived in those times, but of all to the end of the world, which believe in Christ.  Elnathan Parr, The Works of that faithful and painful Preacher, Mr Elnathan Parr, (London: Printed by Ed Griffin, and Wil. Hunt, 1651), 178-179. [Some spelling modernized; some reformatting; marginal references cited; and underlining mine.]

[PARR, Elnathan, B.D.An eminent divine in the reign of King James I. Educated at King’s College, Cambridge. Became Rector of Palgrave, Suffolk. His Exposition of the Epistle to the Romans is a useful work, “equally remarkable,” sауs Dr. Williams, “for soundness of sentiment, familiarity of illustration, and want of taste in styte and composition.”]


1[Marginal comment here is unclear.]

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